Booting 64-bit RISC-V noMMU Linux with rootfs loaded from SDcard on Sipeed Maix Bit

linux-k210-sdcard-maix-bit

We have successfully boot 64-bit RISC-V noMMU Linux with rootfs loaded from a microSD card on the Sipeed’s Maix Bit featuring with the Kendryte K210.
We also tried running the benchmark software Dhrystone.
This Linux is based on github.com/damien-lemoal/buildroot and github.com/vowstar/k210-linux-nommu.

Sipeed Maix Bit

Sipeed Maix Bit is a low-cost development board featuring with the Canaan’s Kendryte K210.
The Kendryte K210 is a System on Chip (SoC) that includes:

  • Dual-core 64-bit RISC−V,
  • KPU (Knowledge Processing Unit) for Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) hardware accelerator,
  • APU (Audio Processing Unit),
  • FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) accelerator,
  • etc.

Dhrystone

The output when running Dhrystone is as follows.

/ # dhrystone 10000000

Dhrystone Benchmark, Version 2.1 (Language: C)

Program compiled without 'register' attribute

Execution starts, 10000000 runs through Dhrystone
Execution ends

Final values of the variables used in the benchmark:

Int_Glob: 5
should be: 5
Bool_Glob: 1
should be: 1
Ch_1_Glob: A
should be: A
Ch_2_Glob: B
should be: B
Arr_1_Glob[8]: 7
should be: 7
Arr_2_Glob[8][7]: 10000010
should be: Number_Of_Runs + 10
Ptr_Glob->
Ptr_Comp: -2140746408
should be: (implementation-dependent)
Discr: 0
should be: 0
Enum_Comp: 2
should be: 2
Int_Comp: 17
should be: 17
Str_Comp: DHRYSTONE PROGRAM, SOME STRING
should be: DHRYSTONE PROGRAM, SOME STRING
Next_Ptr_Glob->
Ptr_Comp: -2140746408
should be: (implementation-dependent), same as above
Discr: 0
should be: 0
Enum_Comp: 1
should be: 1
Int_Comp: 18
should be: 18
Str_Comp: DHRYSTONE PROGRAM, SOME STRING
should be: DHRYSTONE PROGRAM, SOME STRING
Int_1_Loc: 5
should be: 5
Int_2_Loc: 13
should be: 13
Int_3_Loc: 7
should be: 7
Enum_Loc: 1
should be: 1
Str_1_Loc: DHRYSTONE PROGRAM, 1'ST STRING
should be: DHRYSTONE PROGRAM, 1'ST STRING
Str_2_Loc: DHRYSTONE PROGRAM, 2'ND STRING
should be: DHRYSTONE PROGRAM, 2'ND STRING

Microseconds for one run through Dhrystone: 2.8
Dhrystones per Second: 360880.6

Summary

We have successfully boot 64-bit noMMU Linux with rootfs loaded from a microSD card on the Sipeed’s Maix Bit featuring with the Kendryte K210.